NUPA INTHEN CHUNGCHANG (Mizo Customary Law)

Mizo Hnam Dan (Mizo Customary Law) Published by Law & Judicial Department, Government of Mizoram. 1st Edition 2006. As published in the Mizoram Gazette Extra Ordinary No. Vol. XXXIV Aizawl Wednesday 6.4.2005 Chaitra 16, S.E. 1927 Issue No 66. BUNG – 4 ah Nupa Inthen chungchang heti hian a inziak.

Mizo zingah Nupa Inthen Dan chi hrang hrang a awm :

Chang 75
MA/MAK : Mipain a nupui duh lova a then hi Ma a ni. Tupawhin a nupui a mak chuan, a nupui chu a pasal laka thisen pal a ni emaw ni lo emaw, a man ba zawng zawng a tlak vek tur a ni. A nupui chuan a bungrua leh thuam zawng zawng a chhuahpui vek thei. Nupa an neih chhunga an thawhchhuah dun In leh Lo leh bungruate chu chhungkhat lainaten awm an tih ang angin an sem ang a; annin an sem theih loh erawh chuan khawtlang roreltuten an semsak ang. Hmeichhiain a in lam pan nan sum sen ngai sela, mipain a tumsak vek tur a ni. Nupa la indang lo, nu leh pate nena la awm chu, an thawhchhuah dun pawh Pa angchhunga la awm an la nih avangin Pa ta vek a ni a, insem theih a ni lo.

Chang 76
SUMCHHUAH : Hmeichhiain a pasal a duh lova, ama thua a then chuan ‘Sumchhuah’ a ni. Sum a chhuah chuan man pek tawh zawng zawng chu man eituten an pe kir leh vek tur a ni. Man atana tangka aiah bungrua pek ni sela, chumi ngei chu pekkir leh tur a ni. A awm tawh loh chuan a tira an pawm dan ang hu tawk an pe kir tur a ni. Hmeichhiain a thuam leh ama pual bungrua a chhuahpui thei. Nupui nei laiin nula ngai sela, a nupuiin a pawm duh loh a, a chhuahsan nghal chuan, sumchhuah a ni lovang a, a bungrua mipa ina a luhpui ngeite chu a chhuahpui thei bawk ang. Man bat a awm chuan pek tur a ni. Nula ngai tih emaw tlangval ngai tih emaw hi nula kher emaw tlangval kher emaw ni lovin hmeichhe mutpui emaw mipa mutpui emaw tihna a ni.

Chang 77
SUMLAITAN : Ngam leh ngama nupa inthen hi ‘Sumlaitan’ a ni. Man zawng zawng pek tlak hnua sumlaitana inthen an nih chuan man eituten an man ei atangin a zatve an pekir leh tur a ni. Mipa chuan man zatve pawh a la pe lo a nih chuan, man zatve tlinna tur a pe ngei tur a ni. Sumlaitan ni mah se, bungrua leh thuam hi then chi a nih ve loh avangin hmeichhia chuan a chhuahpui vek thei.

Chang 78
PEKSACHANG : Man pek tawh zawng zawng chhuak leh tawh lo tura inthenna hi ‘Peksachang’ a ni. Peksachang tih chuan man atana pek sa chauh a kawk a; hmeichhe bungrua leh thuam a huam lo va, hmeichhia chuan a chhuahpui vek thei.

Chang 79
KAWNGKA SULA MAK : Nupui pawm lai neiin hmeichhe dang nupui atan a hruailuhin emaw, nupui thlakna tura hualsa nei emawa a nupui pawm lai a mak chuan, ‘Kawngka sula mak’ a ni. Kawngka sula mak hmeichhia chuan buhbal leh bungbel hmun thuma thena hmun khat a chang thei. Buhbal tih hian ei leh bar leh eizawnna tur a an lo thawhchhuahte leh inchhhung bungrua pawh an pahniha an lo thawhchhuah apiangte chu a huam vek a ni. Roluahtu, nu leh pa in luahtu ngei pawh nu leh poa an thih hnua an nupaa an thawhchhuah dun chu a huam vek a ni. Nupa la indang lo, chhungte dang nena la awm chu a huam lo. Hmeichhia chuan a bungrua leh thuam, hmeichhe pual bik a chhuahpui vek thei.

Chang 80
UIRE : Pasal nei laiin mipa dang ngai sela, Uire a ni. Uirena hi hmeichhe sualna chungchuang tak a nih av angin a man pek tawh zawng zawng lak kir leh vek tur a ni a, a bungrua leh a thuam zawng zawng a chan vek bawk ang. Pipute atangin,’vun inhlihsak’ em chu an ti ngai lo va, hak lai an chhuahpui thei. Pasal sun, inkaichhuak lova pa dinhmun luaha fate enkawltu pawh, mipa laka a chetsual chuan Uire a ni. Chutianga uire chu, a faten emaw, a pasala chhungten emaw, a tu zawk zawk pawhin an hnawtchhuak thei. A faten hnawtchhuak lova awmpui zel an duh chuan an awmpui zel thei a, khumpui erawh chu a chang thei tawh lo.

Chang 81
PASAL AWM LOH HLANA CHHUAK :
1) Hmeichhia, a pasal awm loh hlana mahni thua chhuak chu ‘Tlan’ a ni. A pasal lo hawn a, a kohva a haw duh loh chuan ‘Sumchhuah’ a ni. A pasalin a koh duh loh chuan a ‘Ma’ a ni.

2) Hmeichhia, a pasal awm loh hlana a pasala chhungte nen inngeih loh vanga, a pasala chhungte chhuahtir chu a pasal lo haw leh hnua koh tur a ni. A pasalin a koh duh loh chuan a ma a ni. Kohva a haw duh loh chuan sumchhuah a ni. A pasal lo haw hmain a tu zawk emaw lo thi sela, mahni thua chhuak chu Sumchhuah a ni a, Pasal chhungte chhuahtir chu mak a ni.

Chang 82
ATNA AVANGA INTHEN : Nupa tu emaw zawk lo a sela, inthen tura ngaih a ni lo. Kum thum (Thla 36) chhung chu inenkawl ngei ngei tur a ni. Amaherawhchu, kum 3 hnuah pawh a reh loh va, inthen loh theih a nih loh chuan, Peksa changa inthen theih a ni. Kum thum hmaa mipain a then chuan a ma a ni a. Hmeichhe chhungten loh theih lohna avanga an lak chhuah chuan Sumchhuah a ni.

Chang 83
NUPUI FANAU CHHUAHSAN : Nupui nei laiin nupui atan hmeichhe dang a duh zawk avangin inthenna thu pawtchata, a nupui a chhuahsan chuan ‘Nupui fanau chhuahsan’ a ni. Nupui fanau chhuahsantu chuan a chhuahsan ni atangin a in leh lo a chhuahsan chu a chang ang a, a fate ta a ni ang. Fa nei, a fate nu chu chang 102 a sawi angin a fate enkawltu a ni. Fa nei lo an nih a, an in leh lo chu an nupaa an din a nih chuan, a nupui ta a ni. Nupui fanau chhuahsantu chuan inthennna chu tichiang lo leh pawtchat lova nupui fanau a chhuahsan a, nupui fanau lakah a mawhphurhna pawh engmah ti duh lova kum thum (Thla 36) a awm chuan Nupui fanau chhuahsan a ni.

Note : In leh lo tih hian, chhungkuaa thil neih zawng zawng a huam.

Chang 84
NUPUI FANAU TLANBOSAN : Nupui nei laiin nupui dang neih duh vang ni kher lovin, chhan awm lova a zinnaah emaw, a hnathawhnaah emaw, eng vang pawhin rei tak awm sela, a nupui fanau laka a mawhphurhna pawh engmah ti lo leh chin hriat lohva kum thum chhung a awm chuan ‘Nupui fanau tlanbosan’ a ni. Chumi hnuah a lo hawn leh pawhin, nupui chuan a lo duh tawh lo thei. A nupuiin a duh tawh loh chuan a in leh lo a chan ang a, a fate ta a ni ang. A fate nu chu chang 102 a sawi angin a fate ta a ni ang. An tuten pasal pawh lo nei sela, pusum kha a pu aiah an piin a tel thin. Fa nei lo an nih a, an in leh lo chu an nupaa din a nih chuan, a nupui ta a ni.

Chang 85
HMEICHHE BUNGRAW LAK : Uirena tih lohah chuan, engti kawng pawhin nupa lo inthen sela hmeichhiain a bungrua a la kir leh vek thei. Hmeichhe bungraw laknaah mipa bungrua lo tel palh sela, in pek kir leh mai tur a ni a, rukru anga puh theih a ni lo. Bungrua lak hian mipa lam leh hmeichhe lam hriatpuitu fel tak an awm tur a ni.

Chang 86
ZANGZAW : Mipa, vanduaina avanga mipa thei lo hi ‘Zangzaw’ a ni. Zangzaw chu inenkawl nan thla thum nghah tur a ni. Thla thum thlenga nupui a pawl theih loh chuan, a nupui chu peksachangin a kal thei a, thla thum nghak zo lova kal chu sumchhuah a ni. Hmeichhiain a pasal chu Zangzawah puh sela, a puhna chu a dik loh chuan, hmingchhiat man chawitir theih a ni. Chumi bakah mipain a nupui chu a pawm duh loh chuan Sumchhuahin a kal tur a ni.

Chang 87
CHHUPING : Hmeichhia, vanduaina avanga Chhuping, pasal pawl theih loh chu, inenkawl nan thla thum nghah tur a ni. Thla thum hnuah pawh pawl theih loh a la nih fo chuan, Peksachanga kaltir theih a ni. A pasalin thla thum tlin hmaa a chhuahtir chuan a ma a ni. A nupui pawhin thla thum a nghah duh loh chuan sumchhuah a ni.

Chang 88
NUPA INPAWL DUH LO : Inneih atangin mipain a nupui pawl duh lo sela, thla khat chhung nghah tur a ni. Thla khat hnuah pawh a la pawl duh loh fo chuan, a nupui chu a chhuak thei a, a pasal chuan man zawng zawng a pe tla vek tur a ni. Chutiang bawkin hmeichhiain a pasal pawl a duh loh chuan thla khat hnuah a chhuak ang a, man zawng zawng a pe kir vek ang.

Chang 89
NUPUI TLAN KOHNA : Hmeichhia, pasal nei lai chu eng vang pawhin a pasal hnena awm duh lovin ama chhungte hnen lamah awm se, Tlan a ni. Tlan kohna chu an tlan chhan a zirin Rs.5/- atang Rs.20/- thleng a ni thei a ni.

Chang 90
SAZUMEIDAWH : Tlangvalin man awm lovin hmeichhia an chhungte remtihnain nupuiah neih duhin luhkhung sela, hun eng emaw chenah duh lovin chhuahsan leh ta se la, Sazumeidawh a ni. Chutiang Sazumeidawh chuan, eng pawh lo thawk chhuak mah se, a luhpui bak chu engmah a chhuahpui thei lo.

Chang 91
NUPA INTHEN FATE DINHMUN : Mizote hi pipute atang rengin Pa lam atanga chi kal a nih avangin fate chu Pa ta an ni. Nupa an inthen chuan, an fate kum thum tling lo chu Nu hnenah an awm thin. Nu lam chuan hnute hne lai chu pa hnenah an hruai thin. Kum thum tling lo chu pain lakluih loh tur a ni a. Nuin pa hnenah a hruai loh pawhin fa chu pa ta a nih avangin enkawl thuah Pain mawh a phur. Kum thum tling tawh erawh chu, Pa hnena awm tur an ni a; nu hnena awm zawk an nih pawhin nuin chawm man a beisei thei lo. Fate enkawl thuah erawh chuan, englai mahin Pa a inthiarhlim thei lo. Fatlum erawh chu nuin a tulpui peih chuan pain a chuh buai thei lo va, an fa dangte pawh an inbiakrem dan azirin Nuin a awmpui thei. Duhthlanna hmang thei an nih hnuah chuan, an faten an awmna tur duh an thlang thei. An fate chu khawiah pawh awm se, nupui pasal neih thuah chuan pa chan leh mawhphurhna a ni reng.

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